Daily Liturgy


Lectionary 123: 1) Isaiah 66:18-21; 2) Ps 67:2-3, 5-6, 8;  3) Hebrews 12:5-7, 11-13;          4) Luke 13:22-30.


FOCUS:    We are to strive to enter through the narrow gate, that we might be judged worthy of entering into eternal life.  Jesus teaches in the Gospel that we are to strive to enter through the narrow gate, that we might be judged worthy of sharing eternal life in heaven. By this, Jesus means we should endeavor to travel lightly, unencumbered by attachments to things of this world. This will allow us to keep our eyes firmly fixed on Jesus, and our feet planted on the path of salvation.

All peoples are invited to worship the Lord (1) and to know his ways (Ps). God’s gifts and his call are to Jew and Gentile alike (2). Jesus comes to recognize the universality of God’s call in granting the request of the Canaanite woman (3).


The reading from Isaiah proclaims that nations of every language will be gathered to see the glory of God. The second reading reminds us that by patiently enduring life’s trials, we can grow stronger in faith. In the Gospel, Jesus warns that people should strive to enter the kingdom of God in earnest, and not assume a place will be reserved for them.



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 Monday, August 21, 2017          MONDAY OF 21ST WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME

OBLIGATORY MEMORIAL: The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Lectionary 425: 1) 2 Thessalonians 1:1-5, 11-12; 2) Ps 106:34-37, 39-40, 43ab, 44;            3) Matthew 23:13-22.


FOCUS:    A true Christian strives to conform every aspect of his or her life to the life of Jesus Christ. Throughout our lives – in good times and in bad, trial and tribulation, sickness and in health – we are called to be faithful to God and to live according to Christ’s teaching.  Doing this requires that we turn to God for the strength and grace to persevere in faith, and love and support one another as we make every effort to grow in holiness of life. Infidelity to the covenant is described (1, Ps). Our covenant with Jesus is rooted in following him who is our true treasure (2).


Saint Paul praises the Thessalonians for their faith, love and endurance. They are being made worthy for the kingdom of God. In today’s Gospel, Jesus chastises the scribes and Pharisees for their failure to genuinely assist others in growing in their faith and love for God.

Pius X, †20 August 1914; undertook liturgical and canonical reforms especially communion for children and frequent communion for adults; condemned Modernism in Lamentabili and Pascendi dominici gregis (1907); wished “to renew all things in Christ”; patron of sick pilgrims.



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Tuesday, August 22, 2017         TUESDAY OF 21ST WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME

Optional Memorial: Saint Rose of Lima, Virgin.

Lectionary 426: 1) 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3a, 14-17; 2) Ps 85:9, 11-14;                                                    3) Matthew 23:23-26.       Saint Scripture:    see 627: Is 9:1-6 Lk 1:26-38.


FOCUS:    Jesus reminds us to stay focused on the important things that will help us reach heaven. Among the beautiful aspects of the Catholic Church are its ceremonies, traditions and devotions. These are meant to help further the Church’s real mission: the salvation of souls. We can treasure our devotions and traditions as long as we do not lose sight of the most important things: right judgment, mercy, and love and fidelity to God.  Gideon is called to bring peace (Ps) to the Israelites (1). How difficult it is for the rich to share their blessings and experience salvation (2).


Today’s first reading encourages the early Christians of Thessalonica to stay faithful, despite false information about the return of Jesus to Earth. In the Gospel, Jesus warns the religious leaders, calling them hypocrites. He chides them for over-emphasizing small things, rather than teaching and modeling judgment, mercy and fidelity.

Today’s Memorial, prescribed in 1954 by Pope Pius XII for 31 May, is

now fittingly celebrated on the octave day of the Assumption.



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Wednesday, August 23, 2017     SAINT BARTHOLOMEW, APOSTLE – FEAST

Lectionary 629: 1) Revelation 21:9b-14; 2) Ps 21:2-7; 3) John 1:45-51.


FOCUS:     Christian disciples are called to share the Good News. In Scripture, often we read stories of people who, having encountered Jesus, invite family, friends and neighbors to do so as well. Their excitement is palpable. Today’s Gospel recounts one of those stories. Like Philip we, too, as baptized faithful, have encountered Christ. Do we keep him to ourselves or invite others to come and see? A fable ridicules those who select an unworthy person (1) as king (Ps). God’s love far exceeds human justice (2).


In the first reading, an angel reveals to John the vision of the holy city of Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God. The Gospel recounts Philip encouraging Nathanael (also referred to as Bartholomew) to meet Jesus. Upon their meeting, Nathanael proclaims that Jesus is the Son of God … the King of Israel.

Isabel Flores de Oliva, † 1617 at age thirty-one; Peruvian mystic; nick­named “Rosa” because of her beauty; O.P. tertiary who lived a life of penance and solitude, caring for the homeless, elderly, and the sick; first declared saint of the New World (1672); patroness of the Philippines and of South America, especially Peru; also of florists and gardeners.



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Thursday, August 24, 2017       THURSDAY OF 21ST WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME

Optional Memorial: Saint Louis; Saint Joseph Calasanz, Priest.

Lectionary 428: 1) 1 Corinthians 1:1-9; 2) Ps 145:10-13, 17-18; 3) Matthew 24:42-51.


FOCUS: Thanking God for the blessings in our lives helps us to love and serve others more generously. Each day it is important that we take time to give thanks to God for the blessings in our life. This cultivates an attitude of gratitude, which helps us to pour ourselves out more fully in love and service to others. This, in turn, will allow us to experience more abundantly the blessings of peace, joy and fulfillment in our lives and hearts.  Bartholomew acclaims Jesus as Messiah and King (Ps, 2), the Lamb o the heavenly Jerusalem (1).


In today’s first reading, Saint Paul gives thanks for the blessings of God that have been bestowed upon the members of the Church in Corinth. In the Gospel, Jesus warns his followers to stay awake and be prepared for his Second Coming, which will occur at a time they cannot predict.

Bartholomew, † 1st c.; probably a surname in the synoptic gospels meaning “son of Tolmai”; known as Nathaniel in John’s gospel; associated with St. Philip (3 May); said to have preached the gospel in Indi and Armenia where, according to tradition, he was flayed alive.



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Friday, August 25, 2017       FRIDAY OF 21ST WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME         

Lectionary 429: 1) 1 Corinthians 1:17-25; 2) Ps 146:5-10; 3) Matthew 25:1-13.


FOCUS: We are called to live like Jesus did, guided by the true wisdom which comes from God. As Christians, we seek the wisdom to live in a way that is pleasing to God. We are to look to Jesus’ teaching and example for concrete guidance in what it means to live wisely. He teaches us that true wisdom comes from God alone, and that some of the important ways we grow in wisdom are by praying daily, and practicing his teachings in our daily lives. Mixed marriages, in the story of the widow (Ps) Naomi, are shown to be blest by God (1). The whole law can be summed up in one word: love (2).


Today’s first reading from Saint Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians draws a contrast between the foolishness of the world and the wisdom of God. In the Gospel, Jesus tells the parable of the wise women who bring extra oil for their lamps. This reminds us to stay awake and be prepared to meet Jesus when he returns in glory.

Louis IX of France, †1270; model ruler and father of eleven children; Franciscan tertiary who cared especially for lepers; built Sainte Chapelle in Paris as a reliquary for the crown of thorns; while on his second crusade, died of the plague near Tunis; patron of masons and sculptors.

Joseph Calasanz, †1648; from Aragon; founded (1617) Clerics Regular of Religious Schools (Piarists [S.P. or Sch. P.]), today numbering some 1,375 religious; dedicated to helping poor children; faced many trials and calumnies for his work, including the temporary suppression of his Institute; patron of all Christian schools dedicated to assisting the poor.



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 Saturday, August 26, 2017        SATURDAY OF 21ST WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME


Lectionary 430: 1) 1 Corinthians 1:26-31; 2) Ps 128:1-5; 3) Matthew 25:14-30.


FOCUS: Consider your own calling. Today we celebrate the feast of a powerful, faithful woman of prayer: Saint Monica, the mother of Saint Augustine. As we come together to consider our roles in the Church, may we gratefully use our talents for the building up of the Christian community, as did Monica and Augustine. Boaz and Ruth are blessed (Ps) by the Lord with a child (1). Let us humble ourselves and so serve one another in love (2).


Each of us has special gifts and talents, as we heard in today’s Gospel. Yet, as Saint Paul reminds us in today’s first reading, we should consider (our) own calling. As we listen to God’s word, may we be open to his plan for our lives, in the same way that Saint Monica was open to the calling to intercede for her son, the future Saint Augustine.



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Lectionary 126: 1) Sirach 3:17-18, 20, 28-29; 2) Ps 138:1-3; 6, 8; 3) Romans 11:33-36;                         3) Matthew 16:13-20.


FOCUS:    We are not called on to judge our own worthiness or value, but to leave those judgments to God. Whether we are at a social event or striving in our daily lives to attain the kingdom of God, it is best not to place ourselves above others. In the kingdom of God, rank or prestige carries no meaning; we are all brothers and sisters, children of the same God. As Eliakim is given authority as master of the palace (1), so does Jesus confer on Peter authority to bind and to loose (3). To Jesus who promised to be with his Church for all time(Ps), be glory for ever and ever (2)!


Today’s reading from Sirach presents us with the wisdom of knowing our own limitations, and humbly living within them. Hebrews reminds us that we are drawing near to a loving God and our heavenly home. In the Gospel, Jesus tells the parable of the wedding banquet, which is a reminder not to place ourselves above others.



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Reflection – Sunday, August 20, 2017              Twentieth Sunday in Ordinary Time

That a non-Jew would seek out Jesus hearkens to one of the basic themes of Matthew: the acceptance of Gentiles into the Christian fold. The woman has great faith and so receives a healing for her daughter. The externals, the fact she is woman and not a Jew, don’t matter. Faith is what counts. Do we have an opinion on what “real believers” look like? Let us not be quick to judge but be concerned with the depth of our faith.                       Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 267.



Reflection – Monday, August 21, 2017            Memorial of St. Pius X, Pope

In Judges, the people constantly fall into sin. They start following gods other than the Lord. However, a judge saves the people from suffering and renews their faith. The problem is that without a strong leader, the people will again fall away. Pastoral leaders are important. They have great responsibility. Under a good pastor, faith is nurtured and chal­lenged. Pastors in our parishes need the support of their congregation too. It is a difficult job, for we too can fall into our culture’s values, or a faith more mediocre than spirit driven. Today, pray for your pastor. How can you be a sup­port and not a hindrance?         Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 268.



Reflection – Tuesday, August 22, 2017                                                                                              Memorial of the Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

When called by God, Gideon says he is too insignificant to be a judge. God will make him even more insignificant that the might of the Lord may be revealed. We honor Mary today under the title of queen, but she saw herself as lowly. True humility is found in honestly acknowledging ourselves. How do you see your­self as you stand before our Lord?                Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 269.



Reflection – Wednesday, August 23, 2017             Weekday

Abimelech was the son of Gideon, so he decided that he should be king. Abi­melech, however, wanted power for power’s sake. Discern the places where you have authority and responsibilities in your family, parish, and community. How have you regarded power? How can you be more faithful to the respon­sibility you have been given?            Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 270.



Reflection – Thursday, August 24, 2017 Feast of St. Bartholomew, Apostle

Today we encounter Nathaniel, in whom there is no duplicity. In fact, he sounds naïve to the point of foolishness. But does not our faith invite us to a certain “holy foolishness”? It can appear fool­ish to believe in the Incarnation, Resur­rection, and Real Presence; and foolish to give alms to the poor, shelter the homeless, or welcome the refugee. Therein is the foolishness of holiness.           Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 271.



Reflection –  Friday, August 25, 2017          Weekday

People would have understood if Orpah and Ruth had abandoned Naomi. Ruth, however, looks to her mother-in-law with compassion and stays with her. Today when family members are spread across the nation, we need to be creative in showing elders that they are valued.           Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 272.



Reflection – Saturday, August 26, 2017                Weekday

Sometimes we are surprised at the blessings that come from the good that we have done. Naomi’s fidelity to Ruth brought others to regard her as a good woman. Impressed with the way Ruth has treated her mother-in-law, Boaz takes care of the young woman and ulti­mately marries her. Are you known for your loyalty, faithfulness, hard work? What do your actions say about you?               Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 273.



Reflection – Sunday, August 27, 2017          Twenty-First Sunday in Ordinary Time

Today we hear Peter’s confession of faith in Jesus as “the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Often overlooked is the setting: Caesarea Philippi. The city is dedicated to Caesar, who invoked the title, “Son of God” for himself, and Philip, the son of Herod the Great. In this context, the socio-political ramifi­cations of Peter’s words are clear: Jesus, not Caesar, is the Son of God. When we confess that “Jesus is Lord,” with Peter, we are giving Jesus our complete alle­giance. Jesus is Lord of the entirety of our lives.                     Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, page 274.


Faith Catholic Online,  August  20-27, 2017. 

Daily Prayer 2017, LTP, pages   267-274.

Paulist Press Ordo  ( Order of Prayer in the Liturgy of the Hours and Celebration of the Eucharist, 2017.)    Pages  181-189.




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Overview of Ordinary Time

Ordinary Time does not have its own distinctive character. Rather, the Sundays of Ordinary Time focus on the entirety of the mystery of Christ and all its dimensions. This period is called Ordinary Time because its Sundays are counted, or numbered. This time is not ordinary in the usual sense of the word; rather it is time marked by ordinal numbers, such as the fifth or twenty-first Sunday. These Sundays provide us with an extraordinary opportunity to ponder and live out the truth of Christ’s Paschal Mystery, the salvific events of his birth, life, Death, and Resurrection.

Ordinary Time includes two periods: the shorter period of Ordinary Time comprises the Sundays and weekdays after the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord through the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. It may last as few as four weeks or as many as nine, depending on the date of Easter. While winter’s days may seem to drag on during this time, at least in the Northern Hemisphere, the Church’s liturgy fills us with a sense of celebration because of our call to be followers of the Savior.

The lengthier part of Ordinary Time begins after Evening Prayer on Pentecost Sunday. But even after Ordinary Time resumes, the joy of Pentecost continues in the first two Sunday celebrations of the Most Holy Trinity and Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ. The first celebrates the rootedness of creation, the Church, and all human relationships in the Trinity—the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—one God in three Persons. The second recalls the historical basis of the Eucharist as the Lord shepherds the Israelites, his people, out of Egypt, feeding them with manna in the desert. As Christians, we celebrate that Christ is indeed the living bread come down from heaven to feed all those who believe in him. The Eucharist is our participation in Christ’s very life, and through it, Christ nourishes us to live as his faithful disciples. The celebrations of the solemnities of the Most Holy Trinity and the Body and Blood of Christ recall two fundamental beliefs of our faith, and thus prove a fitting beginning to the resumption of Ordinary Time. The scriptural back­grounds for these two Sunday are in the final chapter of this book.

When the counted Sundays begin again after these two solemnities, we begin not where we left off before Ash Wednesday. Rather, we skip a few Sundays. Why? Easter is known as a “moveable feast”; that is, it does not occur on the same date each year. Its date depends on the time of the spring equinox. Once the date of Easter is set, the other Sundays of the liturgical year are fixed around it. Since the liturgical year must end after the Thirty-Fourth Sunday of Ordinary Time (which is the Solemnity of our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe) we count backwards from the last Sunday of the year. Sometimes this does not match up with our counting forward from the first Sunday in ordinary Time after the Christmas season.                                                                                               Scripture Backgrounds for Sunday Lectionary, LTP, pages 96-97.


Wasted time is not a prized commodity in American society. We are a people ruled by the clock. Time is money because time is to be filled with purposeful controlled activity which is productive of things which can be sold. We are convinced that we must be in con­trol of time. The last thing the productive American would want to do is waste time playing around with realities that do not produce a saleable commodity.

But the Creator of heaven and earth is described by the scriptures as the original and the best of players. Creative activity is playful, and creative people do not feel that what they do is a job. Creative people also have a sense that their creativity and all that they fashion in the creative spirit are gifts they have received. The Christian can speak of this and the contemplative vision which sees all reality as gift or grace. Our thankful response we call worship or eucharist.

We cannot speak of Ordinary Time without speaking of Sunday. The every seven-day celebration of the Lord’s Day is the basic struc­ture upon which the Church Year is built The great liturgical seasons of Advent-Christmas and Lent-Easter are more expansive celebrations of particular aspects of the one paschal mystery which we celebrate every Lord’s Day. These special seasons focus our attention upon crit­ical dimensions of one mystery, a mystery so overwhelming that we are compelled to separate out its various elements for particular attention. These seasons in no way minimize the critical importance of the Sunday celebration throughout the rest of the year. Ordinary Time is not very ordinary at all. Ordinary Time, the celebration of Sunday, is the identifying mark of the Christian community which comes together, remembering that on this first day of the week the Lord of Life was raised up and creation came at last to completion. Sunday as a day of play and worship is a sacrament of redeemed time. How we live Sunday proclaims to the world what we believe about redeemed time now and for ever.

What happens in our churches every Sunday is the fruit of our week. What happens as the fruit of the week past is the beginning of the week to come. Sunday, like all sacraments, is simultaneously a point of arrival and departure for Christians on their way to the fullness of the kingdom. This is not ordinary at all This is the fabric of Christian living.

Taken from the Saint Andrew Bible Missal, reprinted with permission of William J. Hirten Co., Inc., Brooklyn, New York, Brepols IGP. 0 1982. All rights reserved.



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